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趣文:程序员的进化史

去年发过一篇《Python程序员的进化史》,那篇文章是以阶乘为例,列举了各种程序员所写代码,甚至包括网页设计师的。今天这篇趣文是以 Hello World 为例,列举处于各阶段程序员的代码。另外,这篇有一定历史了,应该至少有 10 年了。

初中/高中(注:Basic)

10 PRINT "HELLO WORLD"
20 END**强调文字**

大一(注:Pascal)

program Hallo(output);
begin
    writeln('Hello, world!')
end.

大三/大四

(defun hello
  (print
    (cons 'Hello (list 'World))))

入职第一年

#include <stdio.h>
void main(void)
{
  char *message[] = {"Hello ", "World"};
  int i;

  for(i = 0; i < 2; ++i)
    printf("%s", message[i]);
  printf("\n");
}

入职干了几年

#include <iostream.h>
#include <string.h>

class string
{
private:
  int size;
  char *ptr;

string() : size(0), ptr(new char[1]) { ptr[0] = 0; }

  string(const string &s) : size(s.size)
  {
    ptr = new char[size + 1];
    strcpy(ptr, s.ptr);
  }

  ~string()
  {
    delete [] ptr;
  }

  friend ostream &operator <<(ostream &, const string &);
  string &operator=(const char *);
};

ostream &operator<<(ostream &stream, const string &s)
{
  return(stream << s.ptr);
}

string &string::operator=(const char *chrs)
{
  if (this != &chrs)
  {
    delete [] ptr;
   size = strlen(chrs);
    ptr = new char[size + 1];
    strcpy(ptr, chrs);
  }
  return(*this);
}

int main()
{
  string str;

  str = "Hello World";
  cout << str << endl;

  return(0);
}

大师程序员

 [
  uuid(2573F8F4-CFEE-101A-9A9F-00AA00342820)
  ]
  library LHello
  {

// bring in the master library
      importlib("actimp.tlb");
      importlib("actexp.tlb");


// bring in my interfaces
      #include "pshlo.idl"

      [
      uuid(2573F8F5-CFEE-101A-9A9F-00AA00342820)
      ]
      cotype THello
   {
   interface IHello;
   interface IPersistFile;
   };
  };

  [
  exe,
  uuid(2573F890-CFEE-101A-9A9F-00AA00342820)
  ]
  module CHelloLib
  {


// some code related header files
      importheader(<windows.h>);
      importheader(<ole2.h>);
      importheader(<except.hxx>);
      importheader("pshlo.h");
      importheader("shlo.hxx");
      importheader("mycls.hxx");


// needed typelibs
      importlib("actimp.tlb");
      importlib("actexp.tlb");
      importlib("thlo.tlb");

      [
      uuid(2573F891-CFEE-101A-9A9F-00AA00342820),
      aggregatable
      ]
      coclass CHello
   {
   cotype THello;
   };
  };

  #include "ipfix.hxx"

  extern HANDLE hEvent;

  class CHello : public CHelloBase
  {
  public:
      IPFIX(CLSID_CHello);

      CHello(IUnknown *pUnk);
      ~CHello();

      HRESULT  __stdcall PrintSz(LPWSTR pwszString);

  private:
      static int cObjRef;
  };

  #include <windows.h>
  #include <ole2.h>
  #include <stdio.h>
  #include <stdlib.h>
  #include "thlo.h"
  #include "pshlo.h"
  #include "shlo.hxx"
  #include "mycls.hxx"

  int CHello::cObjRef = 0;

  CHello::CHello(IUnknown *pUnk) : CHelloBase(pUnk)
  {
      cObjRef++;
      return;
  }

  HRESULT  __stdcall  CHello::PrintSz(LPWSTR pwszString)
  {
      printf("%ws
", pwszString);
      return(ResultFromScode(S_OK));
  }

  CHello::~CHello(void)
  {


// when the object count goes to zero, stop the server
  cObjRef--;
  if( cObjRef == 0 )
      PulseEvent(hEvent);

  return;
  }

  #include <windows.h>
  #include <ole2.h>
  #include "pshlo.h"
  #include "shlo.hxx"
  #include "mycls.hxx"

  HANDLE hEvent;

   int _cdecl main(
  int argc,
  char * argv[]
  ) {
  ULONG ulRef;
  DWORD dwRegistration;
  CHelloCF *pCF = new CHelloCF();

  hEvent = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);


// Initialize the OLE libraries
  CoInitializeEx(NULL, COINIT_MULTITHREADED);

  CoRegisterClassObject(CLSID_CHello, pCF, CLSCTX_LOCAL_SERVER,
      REGCLS_MULTIPLEUSE, &dwRegistration);


// wait on an event to stop
  WaitForSingleObject(hEvent, INFINITE);


// revoke and release the class object
  CoRevokeClassObject(dwRegistration);
  ulRef = pCF->Release();


// Tell OLE we are going away.
  CoUninitialize();

  return(0); }

  extern CLSID CLSID_CHello;
  extern UUID LIBID_CHelloLib;

  CLSID CLSID_CHello = { 
/* 2573F891-CFEE-101A-9A9F-00AA00342820 */
      0x2573F891,
      0xCFEE,
      0x101A,
      { 0x9A, 0x9F, 0x00, 0xAA, 0x00, 0x34, 0x28, 0x20 }
  };

  UUID LIBID_CHelloLib = { 
/* 2573F890-CFEE-101A-9A9F-00AA00342820 */
      0x2573F890,
      0xCFEE,
      0x101A,
      { 0x9A, 0x9F, 0x00, 0xAA, 0x00, 0x34, 0x28, 0x20 }
  };

  #include <windows.h>
  #include <ole2.h>
  #include <stdlib.h>
  #include <string.h>
  #include <stdio.h>
  #include "pshlo.h"
  #include "shlo.hxx"
  #include "clsid.h"

  int _cdecl main(
  int argc,
  char * argv[]
  ) {
  HRESULT  hRslt;
  IHello        *pHello;
  ULONG  ulCnt;
  IMoniker * pmk;
  WCHAR  wcsT[_MAX_PATH];
  WCHAR  wcsPath[2 * _MAX_PATH];


// get object path
  wcsPath[0] = '';
  wcsT[0] = '';
  if( argc > 1) {
      mbstowcs(wcsPath, argv[1], strlen(argv[1]) + 1);
      wcsupr(wcsPath);
      }
  else {
      fprintf(stderr, "Object path must be specified\n");
      return(1);
      }


// get print string
  if(argc > 2)
      mbstowcs(wcsT, argv[2], strlen(argv[2]) + 1);
  else
      wcscpy(wcsT, L"Hello World");

  printf("Linking to object %ws\n", wcsPath);
  printf("Text String %ws\n", wcsT);


// Initialize the OLE libraries
  hRslt = CoInitializeEx(NULL, COINIT_MULTITHREADED);

  if(SUCCEEDED(hRslt)) {

      hRslt = CreateFileMoniker(wcsPath, &pmk);
      if(SUCCEEDED(hRslt))
   hRslt = BindMoniker(pmk, 0, IID_IHello, (void **)&pHello);

      if(SUCCEEDED(hRslt)) {


// print a string out
   pHello->PrintSz(wcsT);

   Sleep(2000);
   ulCnt = pHello->Release();
   }
      else
   printf("Failure to connect, status: %lx", hRslt);


// Tell OLE we are going away.
      CoUninitialize();
      }

  return(0);
  }

新手黑客

#!/usr/local/bin/perl
$msg="Hello, world.\n";
if ($
#ARGV >= 0) {
  while(defined($arg=shift(@ARGV))) {
    $outfilename = $arg;
    open(FILE, ">" . $outfilename) || die "Can't write $arg: $!\n";
    print (FILE $msg);
    close(FILE) || die "Can't close $arg: $!\n";
  }
} else {
  print ($msg);
}
1;

有经验的黑客

#include <stdio.h>
#define S "Hello, World\n"
main(){exit(printf(S) == strlen(S) ? 0 : 1);}

入行干过好些年的黑客

% cc -o a.out ~/src/misc/hw/hw.c
% a.out

新手经理

10 PRINT "HELLO WORLD"
20 END

中级经理

mail -s "Hello, world." bob@b12
鲍勃,你能帮我写个输出“Hello, world.”的程序么?
我明天就要。
谢谢~

高级经理

% zmail jim
Jim,我今天下午就要输出 “Hello, world.” 的程序!

CEO/首席执行官

% letter
letter: Command not found.
% mail
To: ^X ^F ^C
% help mail
help: Command not found.
% damn!
!: Event unrecognized
% logout

原文地址:http://blog.jobbole.com/41944/?replytocom=20475

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